Ȼ

()

153-34.02.316-2003

( 153-34.1-02.316-2003)

2003-07-01

- ( Ȼ)

.. ( Ȼ)

286 30.06.2003

.X

C - 2009 .,

- 5 .

153-34.1-02.316-99

() 30 / , , .

(), .

() , - .

1 ()

2 ()

3 ()

1 ()

1.1 () (/3), a = 1,4, :

. (1)

1.2 () c (/3), a = 1,4, :

. (2)

(1) (2):

q - , /2,

; (3)

qv - , /3 ( , );

a - , ( 1, > 1,08 (1) (2) a = 0,135);

1

1,01

1,02

1,03

1,04

1,05

1,06

1,07

1,08

a

0,779

0,606

0,472

0,368

0,286

0,223

0,174

0,135

r - , ,

r = 1 + d r; (4)

- , ,

= (2 - /)2,4; (5)

- , ,

= 1 + b d; (6)

- , ,

= exp(-lg); (7)

- , () ( 2).

2 -

,

12 - 24

1,2

1,1

40 - 48

1,5

1,25

72

2,0

1,5

(3) - (7):

- , / (/3);

- , / (3/) ( );

z - ;

h - , ( 30 60 zh=3 );

a - ( ), ( - );

b - ( ), ;

d - , ():

- d = 1;

- d = 4;

- () d = 2;

- d = 2,7;

r - () .

20 /3 ( a = 1,4) r < 0,2 (1) (2) r = 1,2.

20 /3 ( a = 1,4) r (4) r;

- () , /;

- , /;

b - , , :

- b = -1 ( ) b = -0,2 ( );

- , , b = 7;

- , , b = -2,7;

d - , .

20 /3 ( a = 1,4) , d < 0,25 (1) (2) = 1,25. (6).

(r < 0,2), (d < 0,25) 20 /3 ( a = 1,4) (1) (2) r = 1,25;

l - , :

- l = 15;

- l = 2;

g - .

2 ()

() c (/3), a = 1,4, :

, (8)

- , :

- = 0,378,

- = 0,521;

Qr - , /;

- ;

- , ,

= (/)1,1; (9)

- , ()- ,

= 1 - h Z/100. (10)

(9) (10):

- , /;

- , /;

h - ( ), %;

Z - , () :

- Z = 0,7;

- Z = 0,8.

3 ()

3.1 () (/) :

= V c 10-6, (11)*

- , / (3/);

V - a = 1,4, 3/ (3/3);

c - () (/3), a = 1,4, (1), (2), (8) .

3.2 () (/3), a =1,4, :

c = q1(c)1 + q2(c)2 + + qi(c)i, (12)

q1, q2, qi - ,

. (13)

- , / (/3);

i - , / (3/);

Q - , ;

(c)1, (c)2, (c)i - () , , (1), (2), (8), /3.

, (14)

, , - , , 1 (3) , 3/ (3/3). , .

3.3 () (/) :

. (15)*

- (11)* (15)* (), /.

: (), , , , , , .